Which iru and eru verbs are actually group I (consonant) verbs?

Here is some general advice on how to pick out these ones. If ...eru and ...iru words have more than one syllable before the -ru, and you can find out how they are written in kanji, whether or not the syllable ending with "e" or "i" is written in kana, or the -ru comes right after the character, will usually tell you. If the vowel is included in the kanji, it will be a consonant verb (-tte, -ranai, etc.). This doesn't work for one-syllable roots such as "mi-ru," of course. And usually, if you have what is needed to find out how it is written, you have the information you want in the same source.

Here is a fairly complete table

Godan verbs that end in -iru

aburagiru to be greasy
bibiru to be surprised
chigiru to pledge
chiru to scatter
dojiru to mess up
guchiru to grumble
hairu to enter
hashiru to run
hiru to winnow
hojiru to pick, dig out
hotobashiru to gush, spurt
ibiru to torment, roast
ijiru to fiddle with
ikiru to become sultry
iru to boil down
iru to go in
iru to need
iru to roast
kagiru to limit
kajiru to knaw, have a smattering of (knowledge)
kashiru to curse
kiru to become misty
kiru to cut
kishiru to become misty
kishiru to squeak, creak
kojiru to gouge, wrench
kubiru to grip, strangle
kujiru to gouge, scoop
mairu to come/go - humble
majiru mingle
meiru to feel depressed
mikubiru to look down upon
minagiru to overflow
mogiru to wrench
mojiru to parody, to twist
mushiru (毟る; 挘る) to pluck; to pick; to tear
najiru to rebuke
nejiru to twist
nigiru to grasp
nijiru to edge forward
nonoshiru to abuse verbally
ochiiru to fall, sink
omoiiru (思い入る) to ponder; to contemplate
omoikiru to make up one's mind
sebiru to pester for
shiru to know
soshiru to slander
sujiru to wriggle
tagiru to seethe
tamagiru to be frightened
tobashiru to gush
tochiru to muff lines
yajiru to jeer at
yogiru to pass by, to drop in
yojiru to twist, distort
yokogiru to cross

Godan verbs that end in -eru

aseru to hurry
azakeru to ridicule
daberu to chatter
eru to carve
eru to choose
eru to ridicule
fukeru to be absorbed in
fuseru to hide, lie in ambush
haberu to attend on
heru to humble oneself
heru to decrease
hineru to twist
hirugaeru to turn over, to wave
hoderu to feel hot
hoteru (火照る) to feel hot; to flush; to burn
kaeru to turn over
kaeru to return
kaeru to be hatched
kageru to become cloudy
kakeru to soar
keru to kick
kuneru to be crooked
kutsugaeru to be overturned
meru to decrease
nameru (舐める; 嘗める; 甞める) to lick
neru to temper
neru to refine
neru to knead
nomeru to fall forward
numeru to be slippery
omoneru to flatter
seru to compete
seseru to pick, play with
shaberu to talk
shigeru to grow thick
shikeru to become damp
soberu to lie sprawled
suberu to silp
takeru to act violently
teru to shine
tsumeru to pinch
tsuneru to pinch
uneru to undulate
useru to root with nose
yomigaeru to rise from the dead


The advice on telling the differences was edited from a newsgroup post by Bart Mathias

If you have questions, corrections, or comments, please contact Ben Bullock or use the discussion forum / Privacy

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