sci.lang.japan FAQ / 1. Writing / 1.2. / 1.2.5. Which were created in Japan?

1.2.5.1. A list of kokuji (国字)

The following list of kokuji was extracted from the "Kanjidic" dictionary. This is not a complete list. For a full dictionary, see the reference at the bottom of the page.

The dot between the kana marks the start of okurigana. See 1.1.8. What is ?

Kanji Reading in kana Romanized reading Meaning
また; ばた mata; bata crotch; thigh; groin
おもかげ; てい omokage; tei
くるま kuruma jinricksha; rickshaw
はたら.く; ドウ; リュク; リキ; ロク; リョク hataraku; ; ryuku; riki; roku; ryoku work
いかのぼり; たこ ikanobori; tako kite
こがらし kogarashi wintry wind
なぎ; な.ぐ nagi; nagu lull; calm
もんめ; め momme; me monme; 3.75 grams
にお.う; にお.い; にお.わせる; おり; こう; さぎ niou; nioi; niowaseru; ori; ; sagi fragrant; stink; glow; insinuate
かます kamasu straw bag
さそ.う sasou invite; entice
く.う; く.らう; じき kuu; kurau; jiki eat; drink; receive (a blow)
トン ton tonnage
はなし hanashi talk
あくつ akutsu low-lying land
まま mama steep slope
ぬた; タイ; ダイ nuta; tai; dai swamp; wetlands; muddy fields
ヘイ; ベイ hei; bei fence; wall
あま ama title of a Noh play
かか; かかあ kaka; kakā wife (vulg)
とうげ tōge mountain peak; mountain pass; climax; crest
こら.える koraeru endure
モク moku woodworker
そま soma timber; lumber; woodcutter
わく waku frame; framework; spindle; spool; bounding-box
ます masu measuring box
まさ; まさめ; まさき masa; masame; masaki straight grain; spindle tree
つが; とが tsuga; toga hemlock
とち tochi horse chestnut
くにぎ; くぬぎ kunigi; kunugi oak used for charcoal
しで shide type of deciduous birch tree
さかき sakaki sacred Shinto tree
かし kashi evergreen oak
むし.る mushiru pluck; pick; tear
ねた neta wetland; marsh
タツ tatsu foot warmer
デカグラム dekaguramu 10 grams
キログラム kiroguramu kilogram; 1000 grams
デシグラム deshiguramu decigram
ミリグラム miriguramu milligram
ヘクトグラム hekutoguramu hectogram; 100 grams
センチグラム senchiguramu centigram
はた; はたけ; -ばたけ; かま; まま hata; hatake; -batake; kama; mama farm; field; garden; one's specialty
はたけ; はた; はな hatake; hata; hana field; farm; garden
しゃく shaku spasms
デカリットル dekarittoru decalitre
キロリットル kirorittoru kilolitre
ミリリットル miririttoru millilitre
デシリットル deshirittoru decilitre
ヘクトリットル hekutorittoru hectolitre
センチリットル senchirittoru centilitre
ささら sasara bamboo whisk
デカメートル dekamētoru dekametre
もみ momi unhulled rice
キロメートル kiromētoru kilometer
ミリ; ミリメートル miri; mirimētoru millimeter
ヘクトメートル hekutomētoru hectometre
センチ; センチメートル senchi; senchimētoru centimeter
おど.す odosu the thread/braid (of armour)
しか; しかと shika; shikato certainly
ゆき; たら; そり; セツ yuki; tara; sori; setsu snow
ござ; ザ goza; za mat; matting
かみしも kamishimo old ceremonial garb; samurai garb
ゆき yuki sleeve length
つま tsuma skirt
たすき tasuki cord to hold up sleeves
ジョウ command
しつ.ける; しつけ shitsukeru; shitsuke training
やがて yagate soon after; presently; almost; all but; no more than; after all
すべ.る; すべ.らす suberu; suberasu glide; skate; slip; fail in exams
つじ tsuji crossing; crossroad; street corners
-こ.む; こ.む; こ.み; -こ.み; こ.める; こみ; ごめ -komu; komu; komi; -komi; komeru; komi; gome crowded; mixture; in bulk; included
とても; とて totemo; tote some way or other; very
びょう byō rivet; tack; thumbtack
かざり kazari metal jewelry
bu tin plate
かすがい kasugai clamp
やり yari spear; javelin
つか.える tsukaeru to be obstructed; to be blocked
ゆり; ゆ.る; ゆ.れる yuri; yuru; yureru shake while rinsing; pan for gold
とも tomo archer's arm protector
おろし oroshi wind from mountains
うどん; ウン udon; un Japanese noodles
かじか kajika bullhead
このしろ konoshiro gizzard shad
はえ; はや; カイ; ゲ; ガイ hae; haya; kai; ge; gai dace (carp)
あさり; うぐい asari; ugui short necked clam; dace; chub
かずのこ kazunoko yellow fish (herring) eggs (sushi)
こち kochi flathead (fish)
なまず; ネン namazu; nen fresh-water catfish
しゃちほこ; しゃち shachihoko; shachi fabulous dolphin-like fish; killer whale
いわし iwashi sardine
はたはた hatahata sandfish
たら; セツ tara; setsu codfish
きす kisu sillaginoid
しぎ shigi snipe
麿 まろ; ま maro; ma I; you

This material is used under the licence of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group of Monash University, Australia.

References


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