sci.lang.japan FAQ / 2. Grammar / 2.4. Other grammar questions

2.4.1. What is the no da or n da ending?

No da or no desu after a verb, i adjective, or na is often used to emphasize the previous statement. For example

atsui n da 暑いんだ, "It's hot."
Isha na no da 医 者なのだ, "He's a doctor."
This might be used for explaining, emphasis, or even insistence. N in n da is a contraction of no.

Another usage of no is in the phrase XXX no da, meaning "you should XXX". This is used both in positive (iku n da!, "You should go", or just "Go!"), and in the negative (fuzakeru n ja nai!, "you shouldn't joke around", or just "stop joking around!"). This no is used very commonly in speech, and is very often said as n.

sci.lang.japan FAQ / 2. Grammar / 2.4. Other grammar questions

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