The kunreishiki (
Long vowels in Kunrei-shiki are indicated by a circumflex (a "hat") rather than a macron (a line over the vowel). For example, Tokyo is romanized as Tôkyô rather than Tōkyō. The syllabic n (kana ン, see What is syllabic n?) before a vowel or non-yōon y has an apostrophe, to distinguish it from a nagyō kana. Thus かんよう is kan'yô, and かにょう is kanyô.
|With n||Kana||Rômazi||Without n||Kana||Rômazi|
The Kunrei system became the official system of romanization in Japan in 1937. This official status was overturned in 1954. It was also standardized as ISO 3602 for the romanization of Japanese. Kunrei-shiki is also known as the MEXT or Monbusho system of romanization, since it is the one which is taught to fourth-year elementary school students in Japan. See How is Japanese writing taught to Japanese children?
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