|sci.lang.japan FAQ / 4. Words from other languages|
Compared to such European languages as English or Portuguese, the Russian language has not been a major source of loan words, most of them representing cultural phenomena peculiar to Russia. Loan words from Russian are mostly spelt in katakana.
Nineteenth century Russian literature had a great influence on formation of the new Japanese novel. Therefore a great deal of gairaigo from Russian pertain to objects and ideas discussed in Russian literature of the period.
Here is a list of some words from Russian which have survived until the present day.
|Japanese (rōmaji)||Japanese (kanji/kana)||Russian||English meaning||Notes|
|икра||ikra, (red) caviar|
|kombināto||コンビナート||комбинат||industrial complex||Originated from the USSR.|
|matoryōshika||マトリョーシカ||матрёшка||matryoshka (Russian dolls)|
Here a ▽ marks variations encountered in advertising and product labels.
This was a contribution to the "wiki sci.lang.japan FAQ" (see 17.3. FAQ Format). I am currently in search of the contributor's name, which I have mislaid. Apologies.
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