Which Japanese words come from Russian?

Compared to such European languages as English or Portuguese, the Russian language has not been a major source of loan words, most of them representing cultural phenomena peculiar to Russia. Loan words from Russian are mostly spelt in katakana.

Here is a list of some words from Russian which have survived until the present day.

Japanese (rōmaji) Japanese (kanji/kana) Russian English meaning Notes
borishichi ボルシチ борщ borscht
burinui ブリヌイ блины pancake
ikura イクラ
いくら
икра ikra, (red) caviar
kombināto コンビナート комбинат industrial complex Originated from the USSR.
matoryōshika マトリョーシカ матрёшка matryoshka (Russian dolls)
noruma ノルマ норма Quota This use apparently comes from the Japanese prisoners of war used as slave labourers in the Soviet Union after the second world war.[1]
pechika ペチカ печка Manchurian stove
piroshiki ピロシキ пирожки pirozhki
votoka ヴォトカ
ウォッカ
ウォトカ
ウォツカ
ウオツカ
водка vodka

References


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