A list of kokuji (国字)

Kokuji is the Japanese word for "Chinese" characters which were actually made in Japan. See Which were created in Japan? for more details about the kokuji. The following list of kokuji was extracted from the "Kanjidic" dictionary. This is not a complete list. For a full dictionary, see the reference at the bottom of the page.

The dot between the kana marks the start of okurigana. See What is ?

Kanji Reading in kana Romanized reading Meaning
あくつ akutsu Low-lying land
あま ama Title of a Noh play
あっぱれ appare Bravo; admirable
あさり; うぐい asari; ugui Short necked clam; dace; chub
bu Tin plate
びょう byō Rivet; tack; thumbtack
ちどり chidori Plover
デカグラム dekaguramu Ten grams
デカメートル dekamētoru Dekametre
デカリットル dekarittoru Decalitre
デシグラム deshiguramu Decigram
デシリットル deshirittoru Decilitre
どじょう dojō Loach; lamprey
えび; うば ebi; uba Shrimp
ふむと; ふもと fumuto; fumoto Base of a mountain
がけ; いげ; いけ gake; ige; ike Cliff; used in proper names
ごみ gomi Garbage; refuse
ござ; ザ goza; za Mat; matting
はえ; はや; カイ; ゲ; ガイ hae; haya; kai; ge; gai Dace (carp)
はなし hanashi Talk
はんぞう hanzō Container for pouring water
はたはた hatahata Sandfish
はた; はたけ; -ばたけ hata; hatake; -batake Farm; field; garden; one's specialty
はたけ; はた hatake; hata Field; farm; garden
はたら.く; ドウ hataraku; Work
はざま hazama Ravine; gorge; gap
ヘイ; ベイ hei; bei Fence; wall
ヘクトグラム hekutoguramu Hectogram; hundred grams
ヘクトメートル hekutomētoru Hectometre
ヘクトリットル hekutorittoru Hectolitre
ほくそ hokuso A type of tree
ほろ horo Hood; top; awning; cover
いかのぼり; たこ ikanobori; tako Kite
いかる; いかるが ikaru; ikaruga Grosbeak; hawkfinch
いり iri Sluice; spout; floodgate; penstock
いり iri Sluice; spout; floodgate; penstock
いわし iwashi Sardine
ジョウ Command
かば; もみじ kaba; momiji Autumn foliage; birch; maple
かじか kajika Bullhead
かか; かかあ kaka; kakā Wife (vulg)
かき kaki Oyster
かます kamasu Straw bag
かみしも kamishimo Old ceremonial garb; samurai garb
かせ; かすり kase; kasuri Splashed dye pattern; reel; skein
かし kashi Oak; mooring pole; used in proper names
かし kashi Evergreen oak
かすがい kasugai Clamp
かすり kasuri Splashed pattern dyeing or weaving
かつら katsura Surname
かざり kazari Metal jewelry
かずのこ kazunoko Yellow fish (herring) eggs (sushi)
けさ kesa Surplice
キログラム kiroguramu Kilogram
キロメートル kiromētoru Kilometer
キロリットル kirorittoru Kilolitre
きす kisu Sillaginoid
コウ Tie-dyeing
こち kochi Flathead (fish)
こがらし kogarashi Wintry wind
こはぜ kohaze Clamp; fastener
こうじ kōji Malt
-こ.む; こ.む; こ.み; -こ.み; こ.める -komu; komu; komi; -komi; komeru Crowded; mixture; in bulk; included
このしろ konoshiro Gizzard shad
こら.える koraeru Endure
くめ kume Used in proper names
くぬぎ kunugi Oak used for charcoal
くぬぎ kunugi Type of oak
くら kura Shrine in the mountains
くるま kuruma Jinricksha; rickshaw
く.う; く.らう kuu; kurau Eat; drink; receive (a blow)
まま mama Steep slope
麿 まろ maro I; you
まさ; まさめ; まさき masa; masame; masaki Straight grain; spindle tree
ます masu Measuring box
ます masu Measuring box
また mata Crotch; thigh; groin
めばる; まて; こち; ごり mebaru; mate; kochi; gori Bullhead; rockfish; razor clam; flathead
ミリグラム miriguramu Milligram
ミリ; ミリメートル miri; mirimētoru Millimeter
ミリリットル miririttoru Millilitre
もく moku Woodworker
もみ momi Unhulled rice
もみ; ジョウ momi; Toad; mantis
もんめ; め momme; me Monme; 3.75 grams
むろ muro Needle juniper
むし.る mushiru Pluck; pick; tear
なぎ nagi Type of evergreen tree
なぎ; な.ぐ nagi; nagu Lull; calm
なまず; ネン namazu; nen Fresh-water catfish
なた; たな nata; tana Used in proper names
ねた neta Wetland; marsh
にお nio Grebe
にお.う; にお.い; にお.わせる niou; nioi; niowaseru Fragrant; stink; glow; insinuate
ぬた; タイ; ダイ nuta; tai; dai Swamp; wetlands; muddy fields
おど.す odosu The thread/braid (of armour)
おもかげ omokage Visage; face; trace; shadow; memory
おろし oroshi Wind from mountains
おおづつ ōzutsu Cannon
さかき sakaki Sacred Shinto tree
さこ; せこ sako; seko Ravine; valley
ささ sasa Bamboo grass
ささら sasara Bamboo whisk
さそ.う sasou Invite; entice
さて; さ.す; サ sate; sasu; sa Well; now
センチグラム senchiguramu Centigram
センチリットル senchirittoru Centilitre
センチ; センチメートル senchi; senchimētoru Centimeter
しゃちほこ; しゃち shachihoko; shachi Fabulous dolphin-like fish; killer whale
しゃく shaku Spasms
しで shide Type of deciduous birch tree
しぎ shigi Snipe
しか; しかと shika; shikato Certainly
しつ.ける; しつけ shitsukeru; shitsuke Training
しずく; ダ shizuku; da Drop; trickle; dripping
しょう; ソ shō; so Used in place names
そま soma Timber; lumber; woodcutter
そり sori Sled; sleigh
そり sori Sleigh; sled
すべ.る; すべ.らす suberu; suberasu Glide; skate; slip; fail in exams
すぎ sugi Japanese cedar; cryptomeria
スイ sui Pancreas
すくも sukumo Chaff; rice hulls
すくも sukumo Chaff; rice hulls
たぶ; たふ tabu; tafu Type of evergreen camphor tree
たら; セツ tara; setsu Codfish
たすき tasuki Cord to hold up sleeves
タツ tatsu Foot warmer
たわ; とうげ; たお; あくつ tawa; tōge; tao; akutsu Mountain pass; ancient kuni; low ground
te Phoneme only
とち tochi Type of oak; stable
とち tochi Horse chestnut
とうげ tōge Mountain peak; mountain pass; climax; crest
とも tomo Archer's arm protector
トン ton Tonnage
トン ton Tonne; thousand kilograms
とても totemo Some way or other; very
つが; とが tsuga; toga Hemlock
つぐみ; トウ; ツ tsugumi; ; tsu Thrush
つじ tsuji Crossing; crossroad; street corners
つか.える tsukaeru To be obstructed; to be blocked
つき tsuki Keyaki; zelkova tree
つま tsuma Skirt
うどん; ウン udon; un Japanese noodles
うつぼ utsubo Quiver; arrow holder
わく waku Frame; framework; spindle; spool; bounding-box
やち; やら yachi; yara Bog; wetlands; used in proper names
やがて yagate Soon after; presently; almost; all but; no more than; after all
やな; リョウ yana; ryō Weir; fish trap
やり yari Spear; javelin
ゆき yuki Sleeve length
ゆき; たら; そり; セツ yuki; tara; sori; setsu Snow
ゆり yuri Level spot part-way up a mountain
ゆり; ゆ.る; ゆ.れる yuri; yuru; yureru Shake while rinsing; pan for gold

This material is used under the licence of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group of Monash University, Australia.

References


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