What are the meanings of circle, cross, and triangle in Japan?

In Japanese schools, teachers use circles (maru ()) to mark correct answers and crosses (batsu (×)) to mark incorrect answers. Triangles (sankaku ()) are also sometimes used to mark partially incorrect answers.

A confusion which arises from this system is that Japanese teachers abbreviate the cross using a tick (✓), thus to the Japanese a tick is seen as marking an incorrect answer.

See also What is the meaning of the word in the names of Japanese boats?, What are the names of the Japanese non-kana, non-kanji symbols?, and How is Japanese writing taught to Japanese children?


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