What is mojibake?

Mojibake (文字化け), literally "changed characters", is when the computer encodings of characters, particularly the encodings used for Japanese characters, get fouled up somewhere, such as in email or usenet postings.

Mojibake may happen for several reasons:

Types of mojibake and diagnostics

Mojibake may appear in several forms:


If you have questions, corrections, or comments, please contact Ben Bullock or use the discussion forum / Privacy policy

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