sci.lang.japan FAQ / 1. Writing / 1.3. Other questions on writing

1.3.3. What is furigana?

Furigana on "Fuji-san",
the name of Mount Fuji

Furigana (振仮名), also known as rubi (ルビ) or rubii (ルビー) from "ruby", the name of the size of the type used to print them, are small kana characters placed adjacent to kanji to indicate the pronunciation.

These small characters are used most extensively on books for Japanese children, but they are also used to write difficult-to-read characters in adult books. They are also used in textbooks for students of the Japanese language. Using ruby characters on all kanji is called sōrubi (総ルビ).

On forms, there is usually a space for the person's name in both kanji and furigana. This is because kanji names may be hard to read or ambiguous. See 9.2. How can I read a Japanese name?


sci.lang.japan FAQ / 1. Writing / 1.3. Other questions on writing

Copyright © 1994-2013 Ben Bullock

If you have questions, corrections, or comments, please contact Ben Bullock or use the discussion forum / Privacy

Book reviews Convert<br>Japanese<br>numbers Handwritten<br>kanji<br>recognition Stroke order<br>diagrams Convert<br>Japanese<br>units
Dictionary of Japanese food Figlet - giant ascii letters Play reversi against the computer Unix manual pages in English, Korean, and Japanese. Turn numerals into English words