A table of romanizations

This table shows the different ways of romanizing Japanese. Kana which differ are shown in the relevant column. The rightmost column also contains ways to input the characters on a computer or word processor. See also How can I input small kana like ぃ, っ and ょ, or づ on a computer? for more on this topic.

A table of romanization systems of Japanese
Kana Nippon Kunrei Hepburn Wāpuro
かな 日本 訓令 ヘボン ワープロ
aa
ii, yi
uu
ee
oo
kaka
kiki
kuku
keke
koko
gaga
gigi
gugu
gege
gogo
sasa
sishishi, si
susu
sese
soso
zaza
zijiji, zi
zuzu
zeze
zozo
tata
tichichi, ti
tutsutsu, tu
tete
toto
dada
dizijidhi, di
duzudu, dzu
dede
dodo
nana
nini
nunu
nene
nono
haha
hihi
hufufu, hu
hehe
hoho
baba
bibi
bubu
bebe
bobo
papa
pipi
pupu
pepe
popo
mama
mimi
mumu
meme
momo
yaya
yuyu
yoyo
rara
riri
ruru
rere
roro
wawa
wiwi, wyi
※ This kana is not used in modern Japanese. See also What is the use of the "we" and "wi" kana?
wewe, wye
※ This kana is not used in modern Japanese. See also What is the use of the "we" and "wi" kana?
owo
nn, n', nn
Yōon. See What is ?
きゃ キャkyakya
きゅ キュkyukyu
きょ キョkyokyo
ぎゃ ギャgyagya
ぎゅ ギュgyugyu
ぎょ ギョgyogyo
しゃ シャsyashasha, sya
しゅ シュsyushushu, syu
しょ ショsyoshosho, syo
じゃ ジャzyajaja, jya, zya
じゅ ジュzyujuju, jyu, zyu
じょ ジョzyojojo, jyo, zyo
ちゃ チャtyachacha, cya, tya
ちゅ チュtyuchuchu, cyu, tyu
ちょ チョtyochocho, cyo, tyo
ぢゃ ヂャdyazyajadha, dya
ぢゅ ヂュdyuzyujudhu, dyu
ぢょ ヂョdyozyojodho, dyo
にゃ ニャnyanya
にゅ ニュnyunyu
にょ ニョnyonyo
ひゃ ヒャhyahya
ひゅ ヒュhyuhyu
ひょ ヒョhyohyo
びゃ ビャbyabya
びゅ ビュbyubyu
びょ ビョbyobyo
ぴゃ ピャpyapya
ぴゅ ピュpyupyu
ぴょ ピョpyopyo
みゃ ミャmyamya
みゅ ミュmyumyu
みょ ミョmyomyo
りゃ リャryarya
りゅ リュryuryu
りょ リョryoryo
Long vowels
ちょう チョウtyôchōchou
りょう リョウryôryōryou
おう オウôōou
※ Also often romanized as "oh", as in "Itoh" for the name 伊藤. See What are the systems of romanization of Japanese?
うう ウウûūuu
※ May be romanized as "uh", copying "oh" for おう. This is non-standard.
Kana combinations used to represent foreign words
Nonela, xa
Noneli, lyi, xi
いぇ イェNoneye
Nonelu, xu
うぃ ウィNonewhi
うぇ ウェNonewhe
うぉ ウォNonewho
Nonele, lye, xe
Nonelo, xo
きぃ キィNonekyi
きぇ キェNonekye
くぁ クァNonekwa, qa
くぃ クィNonekwi, qi
くぅ クゥNonekwu
くぇ クェNonekwe, qe
くぉ クォNonekwo, qo
ぐぁ グァNonegwa
しぇ シェNoneshe, sye
じぃ ジィNonejyi
じぇ ジェNoneje, jye, zye
ちぇ チェNoneche, tye
ぢぃ ヂィNonedyi
ぢぇ ヂェNonedhe, dye
Nonextu
※ See also What is the small kana "tsu" used for?
つぁ ツァNonetsa
つぃ ツィNonetsi
つぇ ツェNonetse
つぉ ツォNonetso
てぃ ティNonet'i, thi
てゅ テュNonet'yu, thu
でぃ ディNoned'i
でゅ デュNoned'yu
とぅ トゥNonet'u, twu
どぅ ドゥNoned'u, dwu
にぃ ニィNonenyi
にぇ ニェNonenye
ひぃ ヒィNonehyi
ひぇ ヒェNonehye
びぇ ビェNonebye
ぴぃ ピィNonepyi
ぴぇ ピェNonepye
ふぁ ファNonefa, hwa
ふぃ フィNonefi, fyi, hwi
ふぇ フェNonefe, fye, hwe
ふぉ フォNonefo, hwo
ふゃ フャNonefya
ふゅ フュNonefyu, hwyu
ふょ フョNonefyo
みぃ ミィNonemyi
みぇ ミェNonemye
Nonelya, xya
Nonelyu, xyu
Nonelyo, xyo
りぃ リィNoneryi
りぇ リェNonerye
Nonexwa
Nonevu
ゔぁ ヴァNoneva
ゔぃ ヴィNonevi
ゔぇ ヴェNoneve
ゔぉ ヴォNonevo
ゔゅ ヴュNonevyu
Nonexka
Nonexke
None-, ^

If you have questions, corrections, or comments, please contact Ben Bullock or use the discussion forum / News about this site / Privacy policy

Book reviews Convert<br>Japanese<br>numbers Handwritten<br>kanji<br>recognition Stroke order<br>diagrams Convert<br>Japanese<br>units