What is the yagaru verb ending?

The yagaru (やがる) verb ending is a special kind of verb ending which shows contempt or anger towards whoever is 'doing' the verb. It attaches to the i verb ending or ren'youkei (see What is the 'i' verb ending?) of the verb. For example

nani wo kangaeyagattanda? (何をかんがえやがったんだ)
"What the hell were you thinking about?"
koboshiyagatta (こぼしやがった)
"He's damn well spilt it."
It can also attach to the te form (see How does the te form work?), as in
ore wo dare da to omotte yagaru
"Who the hell do you think I am?" / "Who the hell do you think you're messing with?"

The yagaru verb ending originated from the verb ending agaru.


  1. Daijirin (大辞林) dictionary, second edition, published by Sanseido.

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