A table of romanizations

This table shows the different ways of romanizing Japanese. Kana which differ are shown in the relevant column. The sixth column contains ways to input the characters on a computer or word processor.

Hiragana Katakana Nippon Kunrei Hepburn Wāpuro Notes
ひらがな カタカナ 日本 訓令 ヘボン ワープロ
aa
ii
uu
ee
oo
kaka
kiki
kuku
keke
koko
gaga
gigi
gugu
gege
gogo
sasa
sishishi, si
susu
sese
soso
zaza
zijiji, zi
zuzu
zeze
zozo
tata
tichichi, ti
tutsutsu, tu
tete
toto
dada
dizijidhi, di
duzudu, dzu
dede
dodo
nana
nini
nunu
nene
nono
haha
hihi
hufufu, hu
hehe
hoho
baba
bibi
bubu
bebe
bobo
papa
pipi
pupu
pepe
popo
mama
mimi
mumu
meme
momo
yaya
yuyu
yoyo
rara
riri
ruru
rere
roro
wawa
wiwi, wyiThis kana is not used in modern Japanese. See also What is the use of the "we" and "wi" kana?
wewe, wyeThis kana is not used in modern Japanese. See also What is the use of the "we" and "wi" kana?
owo
nn, n', nn
Yōon. See What is ?
きゃキャkyakya
きゅキュkyukyu
きょキョkyokyo
ぎゃギャgyagya
ぎゅギュgyugyu
ぎょギョgyogyo
しゃシャsyashasha, sya
しゅシュsyushushu, syu
しょショsyoshosho, syo
じゃジャzyajaja, jya, zya
じゅジュzyujuju, jyu, zyu
じょジョzyojojo, jyo, zyo
ちゃチャtyachacha, cya, tya
ちゅチュtyuchuchu, cyu, tyu
ちょチョtyochocho, cyo, tyo
ぢゃヂャdyazyajadha, dya
ぢゅヂュdyuzyujudhu, dyu
ぢょヂョdyozyojodho, dyo
にゃニャnyanya
にゅニュnyunyu
にょニョnyonyo
ひゃヒャhyahya
ひゅヒュhyuhyu
ひょヒョhyohyo
びゃビャbyabya
びゅビュbyubyu
びょビョbyobyo
ぴゃピャpyapya
ぴゅピュpyupyu
ぴょピョpyopyo
みゃミャmyamya
みゅミュmyumyu
みょミョmyomyo
りゃリャryarya
りゅリュryuryu
りょリョryoryo
Long vowels
ちょうチョウtyôchō
りょうリョウryôryō
おうオウôōAlso often romanized as "oh", as in "Itoh" for the name 伊藤. See What are the systems of romanization of Japanese?
ううウウûūMay be romanized as "uh", copying "oh" for おう. This is non-standard.
Kana combinations used to represent foreign words
Nonela, xa
Noneli, lyi, xi
いぇイェNoneye, yi
Nonelu, xu
うぃウィNonewhi
うぇウェNonewhe
うぉウォNonewho
Nonele, lye, xe
Nonelo, xo
きぃキィNonekyi
きぇキェNonekye
くぁクァNonekwa, qa
くぃクィNonekwi, qi
くぅクゥNonekwu
くぇクェNonekwe, qe
くぉクォNonekwo, qo
ぐぁグァNonegwa
しぇシェNoneshe, sye
じぃジィNonejyi
じぇジェNoneje, jye, zye
ちぇチェNoneche, tye
ぢぃヂィNonedyi
ぢぇヂェNonedhe, dye
NonextuSee also What is the small kana "tsu" used for?
つぁツァNonetsa
つぃツィNonetsi
つぇツェNonetse
つぉツォNonetso
てぃティNonet'i, thi
てゅテュNonet'yu, thu
でぃディNoned'i
でゅデュNoned'yu
とぅトゥNonet'u, twu
どぅドゥNoned'u, dwu
にぃニィNonenyi
にぇニェNonenye
ひぃヒィNonehyi
ひぇヒェNonehye
びぇビェNonebye
ぴぃピィNonepyi
ぴぇピェNonepye
ふぁファNonefa, hwa
ふぃフィNonefi, fyi, hwi
ふぇフェNonefe, fye, hwe
ふぉフォNonefo, hwo
ふゃフャNonefya
ふゅフュNonefyu, hwyu
ふょフョNonefyo
みぃミィNonemyi
みぇミェNonemye
Nonelya, xya
Nonelyu, xyu
Nonelyo, xyo
りぃリィNoneryi
りぇリェNonerye
Nonexwa
Nonevu
ゔぁヴァNoneva
ゔぃヴィNonevi
ゔぇヴェNoneve
ゔぉヴォNonevo
ゔゅヴュNonevyu
Nonexka
Nonexke
None-, ^

If you have questions, corrections, or comments, please contact Ben Bullock or use the discussion forum / Privacy

Book reviews Convert<br>Japanese<br>numbers Handwritten<br>kanji<br>recognition Stroke order<br>diagrams Convert<br>Japanese<br>units