sci.lang.japan FAQ / 1. Writing / 1.3. Other questions on writing / 1.3.4. What are the systems of romanization of Japanese?

1.3.4.5. A table of romanizations

This table shows the different ways of romanizing Japanese. Kana which differ are shown in the relevant column. The sixth column contains ways to input the characters on a computer or word processor.

Hiragana Katakana Nippon Kunrei Hepburn Wāpuro Notes
ひらがな カタカナ 日本 訓令 ヘボン ワープロ
aa
ii
uu
ee
oo
kaka
kiki
kuku
keke
koko
gaga
gigi
gugu
gege
gogo
sasa
sishishi, si
susu
sese
soso
zaza
zijiji, zi
zuzu
zeze
zozo
tata
tichichi, ti
tutsutsu, tu
tete
toto
dada
dizijidhi, di
duzudu
dede
dodo
nana
nini
nunu
nene
nono
haha
hihi
hufufu, hu
hehe
hoho
baba
bibi
bubu
bebe
bobo
papa
pipi
pupu
pepe
popo
mama
mimi
mumu
meme
momo
yaya
yuyu
yoyo
rala, ra
rili, ri
rulu, ru
rele, re
rolo, ro
wawa
wiwi, wyiThis kana is not used in modern Japanese. See also 1.1.3. What is the use of the "we" and "wi" kana?
wewe, wyeThis kana is not used in modern Japanese. See also 1.1.3. What is the use of the "we" and "wi" kana?
owo
nn, n', nn
Youon. See 7.8. What is ?
きゃキャkyakya
きゅキュkyukyu
きょキョkyokyo
ぎゃギャgyagya
ぎゅギュgyugyu
ぎょギョgyogyo
しゃシャsyashasha, sya
しゅシュsyushushu, syu
しょショsyoshosho, syo
じゃジャzyajaja, jya, zya
じゅジュzyujuju, jyu, zyu
じょジョzyojojo, jyo, zyo
ちゃチャtyachacha, cya, tya
ちゅチュtyuchuchu, cyu, thy, tyu
ちょチョtyochocho, cyo, tyo
ぢゃヂャdyazyajadha, dya
ぢゅヂュdyuzyujudhu, dyu
ぢょヂョdyozyojodho, dyo
にゃニャnyanya
にゅニュnyunyu
にょニョnyonyo
ひゃヒャhyahya
ひゅヒュhyuhyu
ひょヒョhyohyo
びゃビャbyabya
びゅビュbyubyu
びょビョbyobyo
ぴゃピャpyapya
ぴゅピュpyupyu
ぴょピョpyopyo
みゃミャmyamya
みゅミュmyumyu
みょミョmyomyo
りゃリャryarya
りゅリュryuryu
りょリョryoryo
Long vowels
ちょうチョウtyôchō
りょうリョウryôryō
おうオウAlso often romanized as "oh", as in "Itoh" for the name 伊藤. See 1.3.4. What are the systems of romanization of Japanese?.
ううウウûūMay be romanized as "uh", copying "oh" for おう. This is non-standard.
Kana combinations used to represent foreign words
Nonexa
Nonexi
いぇイェNoneye
Nonexu
うぃウィNonewhi
うぇウェNonewhe
うぉウォNonewho
Nonexe
Nonexo
くァクァNonekwa, qa
くぃクィNonekwi, qi
くぇクェNonekwe, qe
くぉクォNonekwo, qo
ぐァグァNonegwa
しぇシェNoneshe, sye
じぇジェNoneje, zye
ちぇチェNoneche
ぢぇヂェNonedhe, tye
NonextuSee also 1.1.10. What is the small kana "tsu" used for?.
つァツァNonetsa
つぃツィNonetsi
つぇツェNonetse
つぉツォNonetso
てぃティNonet'i, thi
てゅテュNonet'yu, thu
でぃディNoned'i
でゅデュNoned'yu
とぅトゥNonet'u, twu
どぅドゥNoned'u, dwu
ふァファNonefa, hwa
ふぃフィNonefi, hwi
ふぇフェNonefe, hwe
ふぉフォNonefo, hwo
ふゅフュNonefyu, hwyu
Nonexya
Nonexyu
Nonexyo
Nonexwa
Nonevu
ヴァヴァNoneva
ヴぃヴィNonevi
ヴぇヴェNoneve
ヴぉヴォNonevo
ヴゅヴュNonevyu
Nonexka
Nonexke
None-, ^

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